T.C.M.

Classic and Modern Aspects of Traditional Chinese Medicine

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Classic and Modern Aspects of Traditional Chinese Medicine

Introduction

In the developed western countries, people are becoming increasingly aware of different types of alternative medicine. Despite of the growing interest, alternative medicine has not been yet integrated into mainstream healthcare system. Therefore, there are still remaining two separate forms of medical practice – Modern Western and traditional Eastern or Chinese.

No doubt that the future of medicine lies in the integration of the modern technology and the extensive wisdom and experience of eastern healing methodology. The main obstacle for such integration is the difference of views on the nature of human organism, methods of diagnosing and treatment as well as vague terms used in the traditional Chinese medicine [TCM]. 

Do we need to preserve the original TCM lingo or is it possible to match the TCM terms with their equivalents in modern medicine? Can we apply such terms as “Yang – Yin”, “5 elements”, “Excess-Deficiency”, “Heat”, and “Wind” interchangeably with those of sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems, various hormones, endorphins, and etc…?

After reading this manual, we hope that vague and unknown words will take on a new, deep meaning in relation to the universal laws of nature and human development. We sincerely hope that traditional Chinese medicine will take a new breath in the modern western world.

Contents

Introduction

  
1. The Main Aspects of Traditional Chinese Medicine
1.1. The modern view on the human body
1.2. A Human body according to the TCM theory
1.3. TAO, Yin & Yang, 5 Elements
1.4. Acupoints
1.5. Structure and electrical characteristics of the skin
1.6. Channels & Collaterals
1.7. The main types of Channels and Collaterals
1.8. Structure and function of the Zang and Fu Organs

  2. Interrelations between Organs and Channels
2.1. Five Elements Law: “Mother − Son” Principle
2.2. Five Elements Law: “Grandfather − Grandson” Principle
2.3. Yang − Yin & Yin − Yang pairs of Organs
2.4. Interrelations between Channels and Organs

  3. “Energy” or “Qi”
3.1. Idea of the term “Energy”
3.2. Application of Qi in every day practice
  3.2.1. Wei Qi
  3
.2.2. Ying Qi
  3.2.3. Yuan Qi

  4. Aetiology of Organ and Channel diseases
4.1. External reasons of diseases or Meteorological factors
4.2. Internal reasons of diseases: Diseases caused by Strong Emotions
4.3. Internal reasons of diseases: Disorders of Yuan Qi or Genetic factors
4.4. The Five Overstrains
4.5. The Combined or Complex reasons for disease
4.6. Differentiation of symptoms, according to the affected Qi (Energy)

  5. Pathogenesis of the diseases of Organs and Channels
5.1. Pathogenesis of the diseases caused by External factors
5.2. Pathogenesis of the diseases caused by Internal factors

  6. General Diagnostic and Therapeutic principles of TCM
6.1. Eight Diagnostic principles of TCM
6.2. Prescription for treatment is determined by syndrome diagnosis
6.3. Prescription for treatment is determined by type of disease and damaged Qi

  7. Classification of symptoms and syndromes in TCM
7.1. Acute non-specific symptoms
7.2. Specific symptoms of diseases
7.3. Chronic non-specific symptoms
7.4. ‘Curious’ or Extraordinary Vessels
7.5. The order of application in various syndrome groups

  8. The mechanisms, which underlay the base of therapeutic effects

  9. Acupoints and reflexogenic zones, applied in TCM
9.1. Any Regular channel has 6 (5) “Shu” points
9.2. Acupoints for treatment of acute diseases caused by Exogenous factors
9.3. Acupoints applied for treatment of diseases caused by Internal factors
9.4. Combined application of Luo and Yuan points
9.5. Front Alarm points
9.6. “Back-Shu” points
9.7. Acupoints of Microsystems

  10. Excess & Deficiency: General Aspects
10.1. Excess and Deficiency in the history of Classic Medicine.
10.2. Excess and Deficiency in TCM
10.3. Tendino-Muscular channel disorders:
  10.3.1. Excess stage of Tendino-Muscular channel disease
  10.3.2. Deficiency stage of Tendino-Muscular channel disease
  10.3.3. Intermediate stage
10.4. Treatment of the Luo-channel (collateral) disorders
  10.4.1. Pathways of Luo-vessels
  10.4.2. Pathogenesis of Excess and Deficiency of the Luo-Vessels
  10.4.3. Diagnosis of the Luo-Channels disorders
  10.4.4. Treatment of the Luo-Channel disorders
10.5. Excess of Divergent Channels
10.6. Excess and Deficiency of Regular Channels
  10.6.1. Ying Qi Circulation along the pathway of Regular Channels
  10.6.2. Associations of the Regular Channels
  10.6.3. Pathogenesis of Excess and Deficiency of the Regular Channels
  10.6.4. Diagnosis of the Regular Channels disorders
  10.6.5. Treatment of the Regular Channels disorders
10.7. Theory of the “Beginning and End” or “Roots & Knots”. 
  10.7.1. The Main points of the theory
  10.7.2. The main symptoms of the levels
  10.7.3. The main therapeutic principles
10.8. Excess and Deficiency of the Organs
  10.8.1. TCM distinguishes 12 main organs
  10.8.2. Pathogenesis of Excess and Deficiency of the Organs
  10.8.3. Diagnosis of the Organs condition
  10.8.4. Treatment of diseases of the Organs
10.9. Excess and Deficiency of Eight Extraordinary Vessels
  10.9.1. Extraordinary Vessels: General aspects
  10.9.2. Pathways of Extraordinary Vessels
  10.9.3. Circulation of various type of Qi along the Extraordinary Vessels
  10.9.4. Symptoms, Etiology and pathogenesis of Extraordinary Vessels
  10.9.5. Therapy of Extraordinary Vessels disorders
10.10. Excess and Deficiency of the 4 Seas or Reservoirs.
  10.10.1. General theory of the Seas
  10.10.2. Etiology of Excess and Deficiency of the Seas
  10.10.3. Pathogenesis of Excess and Deficiency of the Seas
  10.10.4. Treatment of Excess and Deficiency of the seas
10.11. Deficiency and Excess of YIN or YANG.
  10.11.1. General theory of Yin and Yang Deficiency
  10.11.2. Diagnosis of Yang Deficiency
  10.11.3. Diagnosis of Yin Deficiency
  10.11.4. Treatment of YIN and YANG Deficiency
10.12. Deficiency of Blood and Qi
  10.12.1. Main symptoms of Deficiency of Blood and Deficiency of Qi
  10.12.2. Treatment of Deficiency of Blood and Deficiency of Qi
10.13. General recommendations for Acupoints and Therapeutic methods

  Appendix:
Appendix 1: Therapy of Acute diseases
Appendix 2: Distribution and Pathology of the Twelve Tendino-Muscular Channels
Appendix 3: Luo- Channels (Collaterals)
Appendix 4: Symptoms of Divergent Channels
Appendix 5. Symptoms of Regular Channels and Organs
Appendix 6: Differentiation of Yang – Yin, Excess – Deficiency, External – Internal, Heat – Cold
Appendix 7: Patient’s Card
Appendix 8: The Main Functional Points

References
Notes

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